Julia Ess (Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) Cottbus-Senftenberg)
Urban and Architectural Analysis of Resettlement Practices in the Brown Coal Mining Area of Welzow-Süd in East Germany
Since the beginning of the 20th century, more than 370 villages with a total amount of about 120,000 inhabitants have been relocated in Germany due to open-pit lignite mining. The devastation of villages and the resettlement of their inhabitants had and still has massive implications on the rural landscape and the settlement structure of the region. The planning of the relocations reflects, to a great extent, social, economic, and political change in post-war Germany, as well as development in town planning and architectural concepts. The paper focuses on the resettlements that took place due to the surface mine of Welzow-Süd (Lusatia, southern Brandenburg), where the development of the resettlement practices of the GDR since the late 1960s and after reunification up until today can be studied in one single open-pit mine.